|| Capacity Building: Viet Nam
1. Department of Water Resources Management
Training: Training programs initiated when
MARD carried the state water resource management functions should
be reviewed momentum in that area should be retained. Any refocus
will most likely have to be directed through the donors as many
of the capacity building programs funds are sourced in donors’ programs.
It is recommended that a training needs assessment should be carried
out once the initial recruitment of DWRM leaders and staff has
been completed. Based on this training needs assessment, a new
training plan should be prepared, approved by MONRE and recommended
to donors for their support.
The DWRM personnel may require external support from international
experts on the change management activities, including activation
and capacity building of the Department. This will require further
discussion between MONRE and donors. Timing will be important;
if assistance is not forthcoming the recommendations of the Task
Force regarding application of modern corporate planning and Project
Management Systems will not be used. The opportunity for DWRM
to “get it right” from the beginning should not be
In the change period it may be wise for DWRM and MONRE to seek
a different form of donor support. One option might be to have
nominated international experts available on a retainer basis
to provide agreed levels of advise when sought by DWRM and approved
by the donors at the local level. This could allow international
experts to support a local advisory committee at key points. Another
option may be to seek a “twinning program” with one
or more parallel water resource management agencies in other countries.
This could be very helpful to allow DWRM to call on expertise
at a variety of levels to assist with specific, practical problems.
This could also form part of a training program, in which DWRM
staff could be placed on temporary assignment in the parallel
agency for on-the-job training and experience. This could be a
very valuable modality for acquiring skills for technical topics
such as establishment of a water licensing system.
Future Capacity Building Needs
As indicated in Section Training, an emphasis on training will
be needed to build up the capacity of DWRM to carry out its various
functions. It is recommended that a training needs assessment
(TNA) should be carried out once the initial recruitment of DWRM
leaders and staff has been completed, and a training plan should
be prepared, approved by MONRE and recommended to donors for their
support. MONRE should discuss the possibility of adjusting or
expanding the scope of the “Capacity Building in the National
Water Resources Council” (VWRMAP, Component 1) to carry
out this TNA and training plan development.
In addition to or as part of one or more of the existing capacity
building projects, it is recommended that nominated international
experts should be made available on a retainer basis to provide
agreed levels of advise when sought by DWRM and approved by the
donors at the local level. This could allow international experts
to work with a local advisory committee at key points to support
DWRM. Another option may be to seek a “twinning program” with
one or more parallel water resource management agencies in other
countries. This could be very helpful to allow DWRM to call on
expertise at a variety of levels to assist with specific, practical
problems. This could also form part of a training program, in
which DWRM staff could be placed on temporary assignment in the
parallel agency for on-the-job training and experience, providing
useful support for acquiring skills for technical topics such
as establishment of a water licensing system.
Source: Final Report, Transition of Water
Resource Management from MARD to MONRE, Joint Task Force, June
2. Training and awareness
Due to limited funds available for training in the current project,
and in an effort to increase donor coordination, a joint training
approach will be pursued with the AusAID Viet Nam Water Resource
Management Assistance Project (VWRMAP) and the Danida Water SPS
projects. Those projects include training components which closely
parallel the training objectives of this project.
Component 1 of the VWRMAP is entitled “Capacity Building
in the National Water Resources Council” and its objective
is “to develop increased understanding of integrated water
resource management (IWRM) and global advances in water resources
management in NWRC members and high level officials of agencies
with a role in water resources management.”(AusAID, “Water
Resources Management Assistance Project, Final Project Design
Document”, February 2001, p. 33.)
The expected outputs of the VWRMAP Component 1 are:
- An integrated training program that identifies initial
training requirements, high level workshops, training modules
and international study visits
- High-level workshops in IWRM principles conducted in
accordance with the agreed integrated training program
- Study visits in accord with the integrated training
- IWRM training modules conducted in accordance with the
agreed integrated training program.
The proposed targets of this training program include members
of the NWRC, assistants and advisors to Council, key decision
makers in national ministries and agencies, key decision makers
at the provincial level, women and other decision makers.
Component 1 is expected to take place over a 29 month duration,
starting in October 2001, with a budget of $1.47 million (Aus).
Component 1.1 of the Water Sector Program Support Project, Danida
(WaterSPS) is entitled “Support to Implementation of the
Law on Water Resources” and its objective is to “assist
the reform and strengthening of DWRHWM to implement identified
water resources management functions under the LWR in cooperation
with other national and provincial water resources agencies and
in coordination with other sub-components of the WaterSPS.” (Danida,
Initial Planning of Support to Implementation of the Law on Water
Resources, Sub-Component 1.1, Water Sector Program Support, August
2001, p. 39.)
Output 5 of this component is to “assist DWRHWM to develop
the human resource capacity to carry out appropriate water resource
management roles.” The training will enhance the functions
and performance of the DWRHWM, including: i) organization and
capacity building, ii) development of policies, strategies and
secondary legislation, iii) data and information management, iv)
integrated water resource planning, v) water resource regulation,
and vi) education, awareness and consultation.
Although the focus of the assistance under the Danida WaterSPS
Component 1.1 is on DWRHWM, the close association between the
Department and ONWRC and NWRC means that this training will be
of great benefit to the work of the Council and will be closely
linked with the training objectives of the present project.
Joint Training Needs Assessment and Planning
Initial discussions with AusAID and Danida representatives have
indicated that a cooperative and coordinated approach to training
between those two projects and the present project can be taken.
Work is now underway to develop TOR for a single, joint training
needs assessment (TNA) and training plan. The training plan is
expected to indicate the full range of training activities which
will be conducted by the three projects. It will also indicate
which activities should be carried out under each project and
for which, if any, there are insufficient funds or other limitations.
For training activities which cannot be funded under any of the
three projects, other sources of funding will be sought.
The steps which are recommended to prepare and implement a coordinated
training program in integrated water resource management are:
- Form a joint Training Coordinating Committee, with representation
from the three projects and from MARD and a small number
of other agencies
- Form an interministry Training and Awareness Working
Group to assist in planning and supervising training activities
under the three projects.
- Carry out a joint training needs assessment and formulate
a joint training plan, recognizing the training priorities
of MARD and other agencies and the training objectives
of the three projects
- Implement the training program under AusAID and Danida
- Identify any gaps that cannot be met with AusAID and
Danida support and seek funding from other sources
Source: Inception report – National
coordination for water resources management
ADB TA 3528 – VIE, subproject 1, Viet Nam, December 2001.