WEPA Database


Last Updated : 08 February 2023.

China’s total freshwater resources are the fourth largest in the world. There are 45,203 rivers in China. Of these, the Yangtze River, Yellow River, Pearl River, Songhua River, Huai River, Hai River, and Liao River constitute the seven major river basins. There are also numerous lakes, covering a total area of about 78,000 km2. The five largest freshwater lakes are Boyang Lake, Dongting Lake, Taihu Lake, Hongze Lake, and Chao Lake, all located around the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

Legal framework

Basic Environmental Law
  • Environmental Protection Law (in Chinese)
    The law is to protect and improve the environment, preventing and controlling pollution and other public hazards, safeguarding public health, promoting the construction of ecological civilization, and promoting sustainable economic and social development.
Law specific to pollution control

Institutional Arrangement of water

Water management practices